Karkadeswarar Temple, Tirundudevankudi

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About Temple :

Location of the temple:Tirundudevankudi, 2 Kms from Tiruvisainallur
Lord Shiva known as :Karkadeswarar, Devadevesar
Female deity :Arumarundunayagi, Aravindanayagi
How to reach

This temple is nowadays known as Nandaangkovil. The temple is situated surrounded by paddy fields and is located 2 Kms from another Paadal Petra Sthalam Tiruviyalur (Tiruvisainallur). Town bus services to Nandaangkovil is available from Kumbakonam.

According to the legend, a crab is said to have worshipped god Shiva here and a scene of a crab offering worship to shiva is depicted in one of the stone pillars inside the temple. It is believed that the image of a golden crab can be seen on the Sivalingam after performing some rituals.


This is a vast temple surrounded by a moat near thiruvidaimarthur. Much of this area is surrounded by fields and shrubs. Close by is the thiruvisalur temple dedicated to Yoganandeswarar (Tiruviyalur). It is speculated that the original name of this now non-existent village must have been Tiru Nandu Devan Kudi. Tirundudevankudi is considered to be the 42nd in the series of Tevara Stalams in Chola Nadu located North of the river Kaveri.


The worship offered by a crab is the reason for the name Karkateswarar, and the image of a golden crab can be seen on the Shivalingam during the ablution rituals. Shiva is said to have in the guise of an elder, rid a devout King of his painful affliction; he is also said to have directed him to the spot where the Shivalingam currently is now and then disappeared. He is also said to have promised to reveal to him medicines for other afflictions, hence the name Arumarundu Devar, the Lord of Medicine and Healing.

The Temple:

There are two shrines to Ambal here, Arumarundu Nayaki and Apoorva Nayaki. The moat surrounding the temple is the Tirumaruvum Poikai. This vast temple has been in a ruined state, even in the late 1970s. It has been described as a ‘pathetic spectacle of fallen glory and local indifference’.

This temple covers an area of over 72,000 sqare feet. The legend of a crab offering worship to Shiva, is depicted in a panel on a stone pillar. This ancient brick and mortar temple was converted to a stone temple during the rule of Kulottunga I (1075-1120). The Ambal shrine also came into being then, as seen from inscriptions from the year 1117. Inscriptions from the period of Vikrama Chola and Rajadiraja II are also seen here. No later inscriptions are seen, and the temple seems to have gone into a state of insignificance after the Chola rule.

It is believed that the vegetation covering the temple may be of medicinal value. It is speculated that in the days of its glory, this village would have been a medical care center with an Ayurvedic dispensary, providing herbal remedies to various ailments.

TheFestival images from this temple have been stored at the Tiruviyalur temple, nearby. Tiruviyalur is associated closely with Rajaraja Cholan I, the great Chola monarch.

This temple is in a dilapidated state. The original temple was built with brick and mortar which was later converted into a stone temple. There are 2 shrines for the female deity, one for Arumarundunayagi and the other one for Aravindanayagi. Inscription from the Chola period are found in this temple and the temple seems to have lost its importance after the Chola rule.

Travel Information

Thiruvisayanallur is a village near the town Kumbakonam. This temple is located 1 km from northern side of Poompuhar Road and southern side of Chennai Road.

The Nearby temples are Sivayoginathar Temple and Sundareshwarar swamy temple (Petti kali Amman) Karuppoor.

Temple Contact Details:

Arulmighu Karkadeswarar Temple
Tiruvisalur Post
Veppattur S.O.
Kumbakonam Taluk
Thanjavur District
PIN 612105



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