Origin of name
When it was time for the destruction of this world a huge Pralaya came up. In order to save the vedha’s Amirtham (Tamil language) and tools necessary to create lives on earth, Lord Brahma collected all these things and put them in a mud pot and kept the pot safety on the top of the Mount Meru (mythology).
Pralaya kalam (ie) the period of non stop heavy rain came and the pot of Brahma was washed away by the flood. In due course moving in the south direction it came to halt at a particular place. Then for the wish of all Devar’s (ie) heavenly people Lord Shiva broke the pot with an arrow. Immediately Amudham (ie) the liquid given eternity flowed from the pot and formed two tanks. One is known as Mahamaha kulam and the other is Potramarai kulam. The remains of the pot and Amudham joined together to form Lord Kumbeswarar otherwise called (Shiva) in the Adi Kumbeswarar Temple. In the name of the broken pot (ie) Kumbam (Tamil language) that place was called Kumbakonam. The city of Kumbakonam, is linked to several instances & puranas in the Hindu mythology. Mythological legend has it that there was a deluge after the Dwapara Yugam; a pot of nectar and the seeds of creation were placed in a pot (kudam) and set adrift in the deluge. The drifting pot settled at Kumbakonam giving its ancient name Kudamookku. Kumbakonam is also colloquially known as Kudanthai, Thirukudanthai and Baskarashetram from time immemorial.

History
The earliest history of Kumbakonam could be traced to the town of Pazhaiyaarai, 8 kilometres from Kumbakonam which was the capital of the Chola Empire in the 9th century AD. Records from around the same time mention the nearby township of Kudanthai which grew into the present-day Kumbakonam. Kalki’s Ponniyin Selvan; a semi-historical novel bring out the 10th century A.D., gives a detailed description of Kudanthai and elevates it to the status of a regional headquarters of the Chola governors.
During the Chola Empire rule this place had a local sabha with political autonomy to decide the administrative matters of the town. Krishnadevaraya, the emperor ofVijayanagara visited the town to attend the famous Mahamaham festival.
During the Maratha’s rule Sankaracharya came as a refugee because of Hyder Ali and the person who gave asylum to him was Kabir. A ghat and a street in Kumbakonam were named after Kabir. The societal pattern formed in this town and the supremacy of the Brahmin community during the Maratha and the British rules were documented in the Encyclopædia Britannica.
Research on the name Tirukkudantai with other equivalents such as Kudavayil and Kumbam forms part of a chapter. It also mentions the negative connotations attributed to the place Kumbakonam as “a cheat” and “a crooked person” in the Winslow’s dictionary (1862) and the Tamil lexicon. Later this was corrected and the historical reason behind this was also explained in the book.

Business
The town which was originally a religious town become an industrial center during last quarter of the 19th Century and early period of 20th century. Predominance was gained for Silk Industries and Metal manufacturing.The Major Suppliers of Silk Sarees to the Indian Silk Saree Market is Kumbakonam Silk Industry. All the South Indian Brass Pooja articles and utensils are manufactured in Kumbakonam and these articles are manufactured nowhere in South India other than Kumbakonam.KuthuVilakku and Statues are the famous articles. Stainless Steel utensils are manufactured.Betelnuts, Suparis are manufactured in Kumbakonam.

Economy

Kumbakonam is primarily a market city for surrounding smaller towns and agricultural villages. The town is surrounded by small villages of great historical importance. The agricultural region around the town is famous for its betelnuts and betel leaves. It is a market town where people from all over the Kaveri delta region (Composite Thanjavur District) come for business purposes. The town is also home to many goldsmiths and ornament makers. And the city is world famous for sculpture because of the workshop in Swamimalai.

Temples

Kumbakonam is known as the City of temples as there are around thousand of temples in and around Kumbakonam.

Lord shiva temples

In Kumbakonam
1. Adi Kumbheswarar Temple.
2. Nageswara Swami Temple.
3. Someswarar Temple.

Temples to the East/North East of Kumbakonam
4. Thiruviyalur.
5. Thirunageswaram.
6. Thiruvidaimarudur.
7. Thirukkodika.
8. Tenkurangaduthurai.
9. Thiruneelakkudy.
10. Thirumangalakkudi.
11. Palaiyur.

Temples to the SouthEast of Kumbakonam

12. Kalayanallur(Sakkotai).
13. Thiru Chivapuram(Sivapuram).
14. Karukkudy(Marudhanallur).
15. Arisikaraiputhur(Azhagaputhur).
16. Penu Perundurai.
17. Thirunaraiyur.
18. Penu Perundurai.
19. Thirucherai.
20. Thirunallam.
21. Narayur Chitteswaram.
22. Nalur Mayanam.
23. Karuvili.
24. Kudavayil(Kudavasal).

Temples to the Southwest of Kumbakonam

25. Pattesvaram.
26. Thiruchathimutham.
27. Aavur.
28. Nallur.
29. Pazhayarai Vadathali.
30. Tiru palathurai.

Temples to the west of Kumbakonam

31. Kottaiyur.
32.Thiruvalanchuzhi.
Temples to NorthWest of Kumbakonam
33. Innambur.
34. Thiruppurambiam.
35. VijayaMangai.
36. Tiruvaikavoor.

Temples to the Northeast of Kumbakonam

37. Thirundudevankudy.
38. Thirucheynjalur.
39. Thiruvappadi.
40. Thiruppanandal.

Lord Vishnu Temples

In Kumbakonam
1. Sarangapani Temple.
2. Chakrapani Temple.

Temples to the SouthEast of Kumbakonam

3. Tiruvinnagar(Uppiliyappan Koil).
4. Nachiyarkovil.
5. Thirucherai.

Temples to the West of Kumbakonam

6. Pullabhudangudi.
7. Kapisthalam.

Temples to the SouthWest of Kumbakonam

8. Nandipura Vinnagram

Temples to the NorthWest of Kumbakonam

9. Aadanur.

Temples to the NorthEast of Kumbakonam

10. Thiruvalliankudi.

Education
The Government Arts College at Kumbakonam (Autonomous), known as the “Cambridge of South India”, is one of the oldest colleges in the Tamil Nadu State, well known Prestigious educational institution which has turned out eminent stalwarts in diverse spheres. This College’s Porter Hall was built in the memory of a former principal of the college in 1885. This college was established during the time of the British rule in India. This college is located on the banks of the Kaveri River and a narrow bridge connects the institution and the city on either banks with the river flowing between them.This college has got Prestigious Victoria Jubilee Hostel which is more than 100 years old now and it is also located in the banks of the Kaveri River.The College has got one Bell Tower which is more than 150 years old.Most of the buildings in the college are more than 100 years old.The only college in Kumbakonam which has a vast play ground which has Four Helipads.Tamil scholars likeGeorge Uglow Pope, Karumuttu Thiagarajan Chettiar, U. V. Swaminatha Iyer served in this college.The famous Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan studied in this institution.

Other important colleges and universities in and around the city of Kumbakonam include:

Govt. Women’s College.
Govt. Arts & Crafts College.
Idaya college arts & science for women
Annai college of Arts and science.
Arasu Engineering College can be found on Chennai Main Road.
SASTRA (Satellite Campus of SASTRA University,Thanjavur)
Mass college of Arts&Science and teacher training center.
SKSS Arts College, Thiruppanandal.
Sankara Arts and Science College, Neelathanallur road.
Other mentionable educational and welfare organizations include:
Little Flower Higher Secondary School
Christ The King Matric. Hr. Sec. School
St.Joseph Higher Secondary School
Sri Matha Matriculation School
ARR Matriculation School
Valallar Higher Secondary School
Town Higher Secondary School
Banadurai High School
Native Higher Secondary School
Saraswathi Padasalai Girls Higher Secondary School
National Vidyalaya Higher Secondary School (CBSE)
Gandhiadighal Narpani Kazhagham
Al-Ameen matriculation higher secondary school
A.J.C primary school and Junior college (CBSE)

Notable people from Kumbakonam

Srinivasa Ramanujan — Renowned mathematical genius
V. S. Srinivasa Sastri – English orator
U.V. Swaminatha Iyer — Tamil scholar
G.K. Moopanar — Tamil politician. Founder, Tamil Maanila Congress
G.K. Vasan — Tamil politician. Cabinet Minisiter For Shipping
M.S. Swaminathan — Indian agriculture scientist
S. Kumarasamy — Ex-Municipal Chairman, Kumbakonam
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar — A spiritual and humanitarian leader (Art of Living)

NB: The History is extracted from various information gathered from the Internet and not my own version and writing.

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Upcoming Festivals, Temple Route Maps, Famous Temples in Tamilnadu
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Famous Temples In Tamilnadu added 4 new photos to the album: Wishing You all a Blessed Gokulashtami.Thursday, August 25th, 2016 at 12:38am
Wishing You all a Blessed Gokulashtami :)
Famous Temples In Tamilnadu
Famous Temples In TamilnaduTuesday, August 23rd, 2016 at 6:30pm
Reasons Behind Why Temple Have Bells?
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Famous Temples In Tamilnadu added 2 new photos.Tuesday, August 23rd, 2016 at 12:46am
Gokulashtami or Janmashtami Date :

Devotees, who observe fast on Janmashtami, should have only single meal a day before Janmashtami. On fasting day, devotees take Sankalpa to observe a day long fast and to break it on the next day when both Rohini Nakshatra and Ashtami Tithi are over. Some devotees break the fast when either Rohini Nakshatra or Ashtami Tithi is over. Sankalpa is taken after finishing morning rituals and the day long fasting begins with Sankalpa.

Sri Krishna Jayanti, birthday of Lord Krishsna, in 2016 date based on calendars followed in India. Sri Krishna Jayanti celebrates the birthday of Lord Krishna. In 2016, the date of Sri Krishna Jayanti in West and Southern parts of India is on August 24. In North India it is on August 25. It is observed as Dahi Handi in Maharashtra, the formation of the huge human pyramids to break the pot hung high up. The festival is also known as Gokulashtami and Krishnashtami.

Sri Krishna Jayanti 2016 in Different Parts of India
Sri Krishna Jayanti - on August 24 day and midnight in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Orissa and eastern parts of India.
Krishna Janmashtami Mahotsav - August 25 midnight from 11:30 PM onwards in North India and Gujarat Dwarakadish Temple.
Janmashtami Vrat is on August 24 in North India
Ashtami Rohini - August 24 in Kerala
Dahi Handi and Gopalakala in Maharashtra - August 25
Vittal Pindi at Udupi Sri Krishna Temple - August 24
Kalo in Goa - August 25
In Tamil Nadu Sri Krishna Jayanti is on August 24, 2016
Shri Krishna is today one of the most widely revered and most popular of all Hindu Gods. He is worshipped as the eighth incarnation or avatar of Lord Vishnu. Krishna is also worshipped as a supreme god in his own right by numerous sects around the world.

In North India, Shri Krishna Janmashtami is observed eight days after the full moon day in Hindi month Bhadrapada (August – September). In South India, the festival is observed on the eighth day after full moon in the month of Shravan (August – September).

The Sri Krishna Jayanti festival is not celebrated on the same day in all parts of India and this is due to the various regional calendars and the various calculations in the time of the birth of Krishna.

Special pujas are held in Sri Krishna Temples spread around the world and millions of people visit the shrines. Special poojas and rituals are held at midnight the time of Krishna’s birth.

Staunch Krishna devotees fast on the day. It is a 24-hour fast.
Fasting Rules on Krishna Janmashtami

No grains should be consumed during Janmashtami fasting until the fast is broken on next day after Sunrise. All rules followed during Ekadashi fasting should be followed during Janmashtami fasting also.

Parana which means breaking the fast should be done at an appropriate time. For Krishna Janmashtami fasting, Parana is done on next day after Sunrise when Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra are over. If Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra don't get over before Sunset then fast can be broken during day time when either Ashtami Tithi or Rohini Nakshatra is over. When neither Ashtami Tithi nor Rohini Nakshatra is over before Sunset or even Hindu Midnight (also known as Nishita Time) one should wait to get them over before breaking the fast.

Depending on end timing of Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra fasting on Krishna Janmashtami might continue for two complete days. Devotees who are not able to follow two days fasting might break the fast on next day after Sunrise. It has been suggested by Hindu religious text Dharmasindhu.

Krishna Janmashtami is also known as Krishnashtami, Gokulashtami, Ashtami Rohini, Srikrishna Jayanti and Sree Jayanthi.

Here is how to perform a simple puja dedicated to Lord Krishna.
Select a calm and quite place.
Clean the place and then take a bath.
Place a photograph or idol or picture of Lord Krishna also of Lord Ganesha.
Keep a lamp ready. Place some flowers and fruits or sweets ready in a plate.
Pray to Ganesha.
Meditate for a few minutes to clear the mind of unwanted thoughts.
Now light the lamp.
Meditate or pray to Lord Krishna.
Offer flowers – Tulsi leaves is the best offering made to Krishna. You can light incense or agarbathis. If needed you can ring the bell, while offering flowers.
Chant the shloka – Om Namo Vasudevaya Namah.
Now offer fruits or any sweet or usual food prepared for the deity. You can sprinkle some water after making the offering.
You can meditate for a few minutes or read some shlokas or prayers dedicated to Krishna.
After the Krishna Puja remove the fruits and share it as ‘prasad’ with others.
After the puja, find some time to read the Bhagavad Gita and contemplate. You will find ideas and thoughts rushing in, which will help you in finding new meaning and direction in your life. Other spiritual books that can be read include Uddhava Gita and Srimad Bhagavad Purana.
Famous Temples In Tamilnadu
Famous Temples In TamilnaduThursday, August 18th, 2016 at 5:06pm
Avani Avittam is an important ritual associated with the Brahmin community in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The day is of great significance to Yajur Vedi Brahmins. Avani Avittam 2016 date is August 18 and the date of Gayathri Japam is August 19. On the next day, Gayatri Japa Sankalmpam is observed. In other parts of South India, the observance is known as Upakarma.

Yajur Vedi Upakarma Avani Avittam is on August 18 and Rig Vedi Upakarma is on August 17, 2016.

Sama Vedi Upakarma Avani Avittam is on September 4, 2016 for certain communities.

On the Avani Avittam, day the sacred thread worn by the Brahmins is changed and it is usually a community observance and takes place on the banks of a pond. Avani is the name of the Tamil month and Avittam is one of the 27 nakshatras or stars. Chingam is the equivalent Malayalam month.

Legend has it that Lord Hayagriva, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, brought back the Vedas stolen by Asuras on this day.

Gayatri Japam Sankalmpam is noted for the chanting of the Gayatri Mantra for 1008 or 108 times. The sequence and the mode of performing the rituals depend on mutt (Math) affiliation.

Sama Vedi Brahmins perform the ritual the day after Shravan Amavasi.



1.Yagnopa veetha dharana manthra
( Manthra for wearing Poonal)
a.Aachamanam:Shuklaam Bharadharam………. Santhaye
b.Om Bhoo…………..Bhoorbhavaswarom
c.Mamo patha samastha duritha kshya dwara sri paameshwara preethyartham
Sroutha smartha vihitha sadachara nithya karmaanushtanaa yogyatha sidhyartham brhma teja abhivrudyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye.

d.Yagnopaveetha dharana maha manthrasya
Parabrhma rishi(Touch forehead)
Trushtup chanda (touch below nose)
Paramathma devatha (touch heart)

e.Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga

Wear Poonal one by one by reciting(poonal should be held by both hands, the tie in the poonal being held above by the right hand facing upwards)

Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram praja pathe,
Yat sahajam purasthad aayushyam
Agriyam prathi muncha shubram yagnopaveetham balamasthu theja.

f.After wearing all poonals one by one do Aachamanam

g.Remove the old poonals and break them to pieces by reciting

Upaveetham bhinna thanthum jeernam kasmala dooshitham, visrujami na hi brahma-varcho deerghayurastu me

h.Do aachamanam.

Summary meaning: I wear the white yagnopavitha that is purifying , which was born along with brahma, which is capable of increasing life .I am sure this would give glory and strength to me.I am destroying the dirty , soiled yasgnopavita
Famous Temples In Tamilnadu
Famous Temples In TamilnaduThursday, August 11th, 2016 at 11:45pm
Varalakshmi Pooja 2016 Date and Time

About Goddess Varalakshmi Vratham
Varalakshmi Puja or Varalakshmi Vratham is an important ritual observed by married women in South India and Maharashtra for the prosperity and welfare of their families. The date of Varalakshmi Vratham in 2016 is August 12. Varalakshmi Puja falls on a Friday in the month of August and the preparations for the puja begin on Thursday. All the necessary items needed for the pooja are collected by Thursday evening.

People wake up early in the morning on Friday and take a bath. Traditionally speaking the waking up time for the puja is the brahma muhurtham. Then the designated puja area and house is cleaned well and a beautiful ‘kolam’ or rangoli is drawn on the intended place of puja.

Next is the preparation of the ‘kalasham or kalash.’ A bronze or silver pot is selected and is cleaned thoroughly and a swastika symbol is drawn and is smeared with sandalwood paste. The kalasham pot is filled with raw rice or water, coins, a single whole lime, five different kinds of leaves, and beetle nut. The items used to fill the kalasham vary from region to region and includes turmeric, comb, mirror, small black bangles and black beads.

The kalasham up to the neck is sometimes covered with a cloth and mango leaves are placed on the mouth of the kalasham. Finally, a coconut smeared with turmeric is used to close the mouth of the kalasham. To this coconut, an image of Goddess Lakshmi is fixed or the image of Lakshmi is drawn using turmeric powder. Now the kalasham symbolically represents Goddess Lakshmi.

In some areas, women place a mirror behind the kalasham. Today, there are also specially made Varalakshmi pots available in the market.

The kalasham is usually placed on a bed of rice. First Lord Ganesha is worshipped. Then begins the Varalakshmi Puja. The puja consists of singing slokas dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi like the Lakshmi Sahasranamam. Arati is performed on the kalasham. Different types of sweets are offered. Some people offer pongal. In some areas women tie yellow thread on their hands.

The woman who is observing the Varalakshmi Puja abstains from eating certain kind of food and this varies from region to region. In some regions, women fast till the puja period.

Thamboolam – betel leaf, areca nut and slaked lime – is offered to women in the locality and in the evening an arati is offered.

The next day, that is on Saturday, after taking a bath the kalasham is dismantled and the water in the kalasham is sprinkled in the house. If rice is used then it is mixed with rice in the house.

There are no hard and fast rules in performing the Varalakshmi Puja and you can be flexible on the puja items. Even a simple prayer will please Goddess Lakshmi.

You can read about mythology associated with the

What is the Auspicious Time to do Varalakshmi Puja?

Varalakshmi Nombu, or Vara Mahalakshmi Vrata, is performed on a Friday in August or July. The Rahu Kalam, or the inauspicious period, on Fridays is from 10:30 to 12:00 noon. So the Varalakshmi Puja can be observed in the morning before 1030 hrs or in the afternoon. Avoid performing the puja during the Rahu Kalam period.

Usually the apt time for the Pooja is afternoon or evening. Elders say the puja should be performed when the cows return home after grazing. The fasting that begins on Friday morning (sunrise) ends when the puja is completed.

In 2016, Varalakshmi Puja is on August 12 From 10:30 to 12:00 noon
Famous Temples In Tamilnadu
Famous Temples In TamilnaduWednesday, August 10th, 2016 at 12:36am
திருவையாறு கோவில் !
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Famous Temples In Tamilnadu added 3 new photos.Friday, August 5th, 2016 at 11:30pm
Chariot festival at Andal Nachiyar temple in #Srivilliputhur of #TamilNadu #AIRPics: Kalavati
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Famous Temples In TamilnaduWednesday, August 3rd, 2016 at 6:54pm
கும்பகோணம ஆலங்குடி #குருவபகவான் குருபெயர்ச்சிகாக சிறப்பு அலங்காரத்தில்!
@Arun kumar ...
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Famous Temples In Tamilnadu updated their profile picture.Wednesday, July 20th, 2016 at 1:48am
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Famous Temples In Tamilnadu added 5 new photos.Wednesday, July 20th, 2016 at 1:47am
மதுரை அழகர்கோயில் ஆடித்தேரோட்டம் !!!
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Famous Temples In Tamilnadu added 3 new photos.Thursday, June 16th, 2016 at 5:58pm
உலகப் புகழ்பெற்ற திருவாரூர் தியாகராஜர் கோயில் ஆழித்தேரோட்டத்தில் ஆரூரா தியாகேசா முழக்கங்களுடன் பல்லாயிரக்கணக்கான பக்தர்கள் தேரை வடம் பிடித்து இழுத்தனர்.

திருவாரூர் தேரழகு என்பது பழமொழி. 96 அடி உயரமும், 31 அடி அகலமும், 350 டன் எடையும் கொண்ட ஆழித்தேர், அசைந்து அசைந்து வருவதை காண கண்கோடி வேண்டும் என்பார்கள். ஆண்டுதோறும் திருவாரூர் தியாகராஜர் கோயிலில் நடைபெறும் பங்குனி உத்திர திருவிழாவுக்குப் பின் ஆழித்தேரோட்டம் நடைபெறுவது வழக்கம்.

கடந்த 2010 ஆம் ஆண்டு தேரோட்டத்துக்குப் பிறகு, தேர் பிரிக்கப்பட்டு புதிய தேர் கட்டப்பட்டு கடந்த 2015 அக்டோபர் 26-ம் தேதி வெள்ளோட்டம் நடத்தப்பட்டது.
நேற்று (புதன்கிழமை) விநாயகர், சுப்பிரமணியர் தேரோட்டம் நடைபெற்றது. இதை தொடர்ந்து, 5 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு பிறகு இன்று (16-ம் தேதி) காலை 7 மணிக்கு திருவாரூர் சன்னதி தெரு எதிரே அமைந்துள்ள தேரடியிலிருந்து ஆழித்தேரோட்டம் தொடங்கியது.

தமிழகத்தின் பல்வேறு மாவட்டங்களிலிருந்து வந்திருந்த பல்லாயிரக்கணக்கான பக்தர்கள் ஆருரா, தியாகேசா என்று விண்ணதிரும்படி எழுப்பிய பக்தி முழக்கத்துடன் ஆழித்தேரை வடம் பிடித்தனர்.
ஆழித்தேர் தெற்குவீதி, மேற்குவீதி, வடக்கு வீதி, கீழவீதிகளில் அலங்கார தொம்பைத்துணி அசைந்தாட வந்த ஆழித்தேரை பக்தர்கள் மெய்சிலிர்க்கத் தரிசனம் செய்தனர். அதிர்வேட்டுகளும், ஆரூரா தியாகேசா முழக்கங்களும் ஒலிக்க நான்கு வீதிகளிலும் ஆழித்தேர் வலம் வந்தது
Famous Temples In Tamilnadu
Famous Temples In Tamilnadu added 4 new photos.Saturday, April 23rd, 2016 at 3:02pm
சாரங்கபாணி கோயில் தேர் திருவிழா!!!